|Born||25 September 1903
Aurangabad, Hyderabad State, British India
(currently in Maharashtra, India)
|Died||22 September 1979 (aged 75)
Buffalo, New York, U.S.
|Nationality||British Indian (till 1947)
|Main interest(s)||Islamic law
|Notable idea(s)||Islamic State, jahilliyah (ignorance), Islamic economics|
|Notable work(s)||The Meaning of The Quran
The Islamic Law and Constitution
The Qadiani Question
The Finality of Prophethood
|Awards||King Faisal International Prize (1979)|
Born in 25 September 1903 – 22 September 1979), well known scholar, philosopher, jurist, journalist, and imam. His numerous works were written in Urdu, but then translated into English, Arabic, Hindi, Bengali, Tamil, Burmese and many other languages. He strove not only to revive Islam as a renewer of the religion, but to propagate “true Islam”, a remedy for the weakness from which Islam had suffered over the centuries. He believed that politics was essential for Islam and that it was necessary to institute sharia and preserve Islamic culture from what he saw as the evils of secularism, nationalism, and women’s emancipation.
He was the founder of the Jamaat-e-Islami, the largest Islamic organisation in Asia. He and his party are thought to have been the pioneer in politicizing Islam and generating support for an Islamic state in Pakistan. They are thought to have helped inspire General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq to introduce “Sharization” to Pakistan, and to have been greatly strengthened by him after 10,000s of members and sympathizers were given jobs in the judiciary and civil service during his administration. He was the first recipient of the Saudi Arabian King Faisal International Award for his service to Islam in 1979. After his death his Gayby Salat al-Janazah in Mecca, making him the second person in the history whose prayer was observed in the Kaaba, succeeding King Ashama ibn-Abjar.