|Born||15 December 1905
Sambhal, United Provinces,British India (in present-day Uttar Pradesh, India)
|Died||4/5 May 1997 (aged 92)
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
|Occupation||Islamic scholar, writer, debator|
|Main interest(s)||Hadith studies, Polemics|
|Alma mater||Madrasa Islamiay Arabiya Sirajul Uloom Sambhal
Darul Uloom Deoband
|Disciple of||Abdul Qadir Raipuri
Husain Ahmad Madani
Son Khalilur Rahman Sajjad Nu’mani
Muḥammad Manz̤oor Nomānī was an Indian Islamic scholar. Prominent among his written works are Maariful Hadith, Islam Kya Hai?, and Khomeini and the Iranian Revolution.
He graduated from Darul Uloom Deoband in 1927, where he studied hadith under Anwar Shah Kashmiri. He held the post of Shaykh al-Hadith at Darul Uloom Nadwatul Ulama for four years, and was a close associate of Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi. A founding member of Jamaat-e-Islami in 1941, he was elected the group’s Deputy Amir, second to Abul A’la Maududi. However, in 1942, following disagreements with Maududi he led a group in resigning from the organization. Afterwards he became affiliated with the Tablighi Jamaat of Muhammad Ilyas Kandhlawi. He served on the Majlis-e-Shura and Majlis-e-Amilah (Executive Council) of Darul Uloom Deoband and was a member of the Muslim World League.
Nomani was born on 18 Shawwal 1323 AH (c. 15 December 1905) in Sambhal, United Provinces, British India. His father, Sufi Muhammad Husain, was a moderately wealthy businessman and landlord. Nomani received his primary education in his hometown, graduating from Madrasa Sirajul Uloom Hilali Sarai Sambhal. Later he studied at Darul Uloom Mau, Azamgarh. Finally he enrolled at Darul Uloom Deoband where he remained for two years. He graduated in 1345 AH (1927), receiving the highest marks in the examination for dawrah hadith. Among his teachers at Darul Uloom Deoband were Anwar Shah Kashmiri, Mufti Azizur Rahman, and Siraj Ahmad Rashidi.
After completing his studies he taught for three years at Madrasa Chilla, Amroha. Thereafter for four years he held the post of Shaykh al-Hadith at Darul Uloom Nadwatul Ulama, Lucknow.
In 1353 (1934) he established a monthly journal, al-Furqan, from Bareilly. The journal began with a focus towards polemics, but in 1361 (1942) it became more of an academic and religious journal.
Nomani was a founding member of Jamaat-e-Islami. At its Founding Session in August 1941 he led the seven-member committee that proposed Sayyid Abul A’la Maududi as Amir. He himself was selected as Na’ib Amir (Deputy Amir). Six months later, in 1942, Nomani arrived at the Jamaat’s Darul Islam community in Pathankot with the intention of permanently settling there. He was appointed as the first Muhtasib of Darul Islam. However, due to differences with Maududi he left Jamaat-i Islami in Sha’ban 1361 AH (August/September 1942) and returned home to Sambhal. Detailing his time with Maududi and the reasons for his departure from Jamaat-i Islami he wrote Maulana Maududi ke sath meri rifaqat ki sarguzasht aur ab mera mauqif (1980).
After leaving Jamaat-e-Islami, he and Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi became affiliated with the Tablighi Jamaat movement. Nomani’s compilation of the malfuzat (sayings) of Muhammad Ilyas comes from the period of 1943 to 1944, mostly during Ilyas’s final illness.
In 1362 AH (1943) he was appointed a member of the Majlis-e-Shura of Darul Uloom Deoband. He regularly attended its meetings and those of the Majlis-e-Amilah (Executive Council).
He died in Lucknow on 4 or 5 May 1997.